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requirements Just culture advocated
outlined “To be managed competently, risk first Safety Management System (SMS),” the

Automatic Airborne Collision Avoidance needs to be identified and studied. One Committee states.
Systems (Auto ACAS) should work through proactive method of recognizing potential In the dynamic environment that is
the Flight Director (FD) system, have the system failures and predicting possible aviation, humans must often make deci-
capability to fly all Resolution Advisory (RA) negative outcomes is to establish non- sions quickly, in real time, with informa-
maneuvers, allow the pilot to disengage the punitive reporting systems, which is only tion that is available at that time and
autopilot, and include a warning to the pilot possible in a just culture.” So reads the according to the manner in which it is
before any automatic flight path adjustment. preamble of an IFALPA Briefing Leaflet presented. “These decisions, almost per
At a high level, these are the recommended issued recently by the Accident Analysis definition, may be judged as less than
requirements for Auto ACAS in a new & Prevention Committee: Improving optimal at a later time with hindsight
Position Paper issued by IFALPA’s Aircraft accident and incident prevention through bias. This is regardless of their level of
Design & Operation (ADO) Committee. Just Culture. professionalism, training, or experience.”
The Auto ACAS uses radar signals inde- The leaflet notes that many incidents A just culture does not seek immunity
pendent of ground-based equipment to go unreported because those involved are from consequence, but rather endorses
provide advice to pilots on potential con- fearful of potential management or regu- the fair treatment of individuals.
flicting aircraft (which are also equipped latory authority consequences. Reporting IFALPA believes all stakeholders in the
with secondary surveillance radar – SSR systems “can only be effective in an envi- aviation industry should embrace the poli-
– transponders). ronment of just culture that completely cies and procedures of a just culture. The
Traffic Advisories (TAs) issued through adopts a non-punitive reporting culture.” Briefing Leaflet states, “ICAO should com-
the Auto ACAS indicate the approximate Criminalization obstructs an unre- mit to the concept of a just culture as part
position of intruding aircraft that may stricted flow and exchange of inform- of a healthy safety culture and incorpo-
later cause an RA that proposes vertical ation that is vital to improving safety. rate it in ICAO Annex 13, Annex 19, and
maneuvers that are required to increase or “While legal repercussions have a place the ICAO Safety Management Manual.
at least maintain separation from threaten- in our society, eg, where there is willful States should ensure that legislation is
ing aircraft. or reckless behavior, the criminaliz- passed that enforces the non-punitive phi-
The complete Position Paper, Automatic ation of human error obstructs the losophy. Companies and operators should
Airborne Collision Avoidance Systems, is flow of valuable, essential information ensure that the policy is endorsed and
available in the Publications section of the that is absolutely critical to a successful supported by their executive officers.”
IFALPA website.

Engine-out taxi

Engine-out taxi (EOT) procedures involve
multiple safety, efficiency, and operational
factors, and should not be mandatory,
states an IFALPA Aircraft Design & IFALPA endorses the incorporation
Operation (ADO) Committee Position Paper. of an approved, standardized EOT
The Committee acknowledges that shutting procedure into the Operations Manual.
down one or two engines can help reduce
noise, emissions, and fuel cost. However, environmental considerations of increased To read the complete Engine-out taxi
there are numerous circumstances to be thrust requirements. Position Paper, check the Publications/
weighed, such as local airport restrictions, The Paper also addresses general consid- IFALPA Statements/Aircraft Design &
weather conditions, aircraft manufacturer erations, starting engines during taxi, and Operation section of the
warm-up and cool-down specifications, and shutting down engines during taxi. website.
The Safety and Technical Journal of IFALPA | InterPilot Vol 2 | No 1 | March 2014

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